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Properties of Titanium Materials
Dec 04, 2017

No

  Material  
   Grade

Characteristics 

   Manufactured  
 Goods 

Applications

1

Pure Ti  

Grade 1

Grade 1 titanium is the     

first of four commercially 

pure titanium grade.It is 

the softest and most

ductile of these grades. 

It possesses the greatest

formability, 

excellent corrosion 

resistance and high 

impact toughness.

Grade 1 is the material of

choice for any 

application

where ease of 

formability is 

required and 

commonly 

available as 

titanium plate 

and tubing.

Chemical processing;

Chloratemanufacturing; 

Dimensional stable anodes; 

Desalination Architecture Medical industry;

Marine industry; Automotive parts; 

Airframe structure.

2

Pure Ti 

Grade 2

It shares many of the

same qualities as Grade 1 titanium, but it is slightly

stronger. Both are equally corrosion resistant. This

grade possesses good

weld ability, strength,

ductility and formability.

titanium bar and sheet

Architecture Power generation;

Medical industry; 

Hydro-carbonprocessing;

Marine industry;   

Exhaust pipe shroud; 

Airframe skin; Desalination; 

Chemical processing; Chlorate manufacturing.

3

Pure Ti Grade 3

This grade is least used of the commercially pure titanium grades, but that does not makeit any less valuable. Grade 3 isstronger  than Grades 1 and 2,

similar in  ductility and only slightly less formable - but it possesses higher mechanicals than its predecessors.


Aerospace structures;

Chemical processing; Medical industry;

Marine industry.

4

Pure Ti Grade 4

Grade 4 is known as the strongest of the four grades of commercially pure titanium. It is also known for its excellent corrosion resistance, good formability and weldability.



CPI equipment; Condenser tubing; 

Surgical hardware; Pickling baskets;

Airframe components;

Cryogenic vessels;

Heat exchangers.


5

Grade 5

(Ti-6Al-4V)

Known as the “workhorse” of the titanium alloys, 

Ti 6Al-4V, or Grade 5 titanium, is the

most commonly used of all

titanium alloys. It accounts for 50 percent of total titanium usage the world over. This alloy offers its high strength at a light weight, useful formability and high corrosion resistance.

as welded construction


Aircraft structural components;

Aerospace fasteners;

High-performance automatic parts;

Marine applications;

Sports equipments;Aircraft turbines;

Engine components.


6

Grade 7 (Ti-0.2Pd)

Grade 7 is mechanically and physically equivalent to Grade 2, except with the addition of the interstitial element

palladium, making it an alloy. Grade 7 possesses excellent weldability and fabricality, and

is the most corrosion resistance

of all titanium alloys. In fact, it is most resistant to corrosion in

reducing acids.

Grade 7 is used in chemical processes

and production

equipment components.

Chemical Industry

7

Grade 9

(Ti-3AL-

2.4V)

Grade 9 is grouped in with the commercially pure 

grades because it is cold 

rollable. 

Grade 9 strengths fall 

between Grade 4 and 

Grade 5. It has excellent 

corrosion resistance and

is used in aerospace and

industrial applications.

Grade 9 can be used at 

higher temperatures than Grades 1 through 4.

titanium tubes and pipes


Medical, Marine,

Automotive, Consumer applications, Transportation;Aerospace, Chemical processing.

8

Grade 12 (Ti-3Mo-  8Ni)

Grade 12 titanium holds an “excellent” rating for its high quality weldability. It is a highlydurable alloy that provides a lotof strength at high 

temperatures. Grade 12

titanium possesses

characteristics similar to 300 series stainless steels. This alloy can be hot or cold formed using press brake forming, hydropress forming,

stretch forming or drop hammermethod.

titanium tubes and pipes

Shell and heat exchangers;

Hydrometallurgical applications

Elevated temperature chemicalmanufacturing; Marine and

airfare components.

9

Grade 23 (Ti-6Al-4V ELI)

It’s the top choice for any sort of situation where

combination of

high strength, light weight, 

good corrosion

resistance and high toughness are required. It has a superior damage tolerance to other

alloys.

coils, strands, wires or

flat wires.

These benefits make Grade 23the ultimate dental and

medical titanium grade. It can be used in biomedical

applications such as

Implantable components due toits biocompatibility,good

fatigue strength and low

modulus. It can also be used

in detailed surgical procedures, as:Orthopedic pins and Screws; Orthopedic cables; 

Ligature clips; Surgical staples; Springs.